Aufidus (Ofanto) River

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Aufidus (Ofanto) River

Postby Marcus Minucius Audens » Sat Sep 10, 2016 6:06 pm

>>>> Aufidus (Ofanto) River <<<<

The principal River of Apulia and southern Italy. It is one hundred miles (175 km) in length, rising near Torela di Lombardi, close by the Tyrrhenian Sea, and flows into the Adriatic Sea, near Barletta, past Canusium (Canosa di Puglia) and Cannae. The river’s source elevation is 715m on the Irpinia Plateau, below the plane of the Angel and near Avellino. At the end of its course, the Ofanto ends with a mouth elevation of 0m on a delta but rapidly retreats to an estuary. The Ofanto River has a torrential regime markedly with major floods in the autumn and winter, where as summer rainfall is remarkable for its low flow. In spite then, of its length and extent of its basin in Italy and having an area of some 2,780 km2, the average flow at the mouth is quite low (Less than 15 cubic meters per second). Over its length the river flows through Campania, Basilicata, then rolling mainly in Puglia. Near Canosa di Puglia there is an ancient Roman bridge which is well known all over southern Italy. It was in Cannae, where, in 216 BC, during the Second Punic War, that the Romans suffered their gravest defeat from the Carthaginian army under the command of the general Hannibal. The poet Horace, who was born in Venusia (Venosa) nearby, often mentions this river in his writings. The Aufidus (Ofanto) is only a feeble stream in summer, and probably always was. However, Horace writes of its savage violence in wintertime, describing it as bull-like (tauriformis), with reference to the roar of its waters, which could be heard, he said, a long distance away (longe sonans).

Respectfully Submitted;
Marcus Audens
Marcus Minucius Audens

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