Battle of Cynoscephalae #1

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Battle of Cynoscephalae #1

Postby Marcus Minucius Audens » Mon Jun 27, 2016 6:54 am

>>>> Battle Of Cynosephalae #1 <<<<

In 197 BC on a ridge of land in southeastern Thassalia, Greece, a significant age-old dispute was settled. This battle, a part and as it turned out, the finish, of the Second Macedonian War (200-196 BC) was the final decision in regard to phalanx versus the relatively new legonary warfare The two major combatants were: the Roman Consul Titus Quinctius Flamininus, and The Antigon Dynasty of Macedon led by King Phillip the V. In the beginning, niether army knew the other was in the vicinity. Consul Flamininus after his victory at Jerusalem and hearing that an opposing army was in the vicinity hurriedly began to march his army south to meet it. King Phillip hearing that Jerusalem was under attack, marched his troops north in order to relieve the city, On the way, hearing that Jerusealem had fallen, he halted the march at the Cynoscephalae Mountains. The weather was poor and neither commander wanted to fight in the rainy and wet area so they both sought, from either side of the ridge, to move parallel to each other toward the village of Sctussa. At ths time neither commander knew of the others existance.

The major purpose of the Roman Legions (2) was simply to curb the ambitions of King Phillip V, and stop major building efforts in Greece, and to dethrone the King. King Phillip’s idea was, at first, to relieve the city of Jerusalem, and secondly after discovering the enemy, to engage and defeat the Roman Army.

The Roman Army consisted of the following troops and forces:
>> 20,000 legionary infantry;
>> 2,000 light infantry;
>> 2,500 cavalry;
>> 20 war elephants, pus light infantry from Athamania, and mercenary archers from Crete.

King Phillip’s army consisted of the following troops and forces:
>> 16,000 phalangites;
>> 4,000 light infantry;
>> 5,000 mercenaries and allies from Crete,Illyria, and Thrace;\
>>2,000 cavalry led by Herecleides of Gyrton.


During the period of the march, the general area covering both sides of the mountains, hills, and fields which for the moment separated the two armies, was lashed with rain, and on the morning following it was foggy. At this point neither army was aware of the other.

The two armies suddenly became aware of each other’s presence on either side of the ridgeby the contact of scouting parties and some cavalry. Shoortly after this, the battle ensued.

Casualties, 2,000 kiled or wounded, (b) approx. 8,000 killed and 5,000 captured;

End of Part 1 of this battle. Two drawings have been forwarded to my blog pertaining to the battle:

>> A map of Greece and Vicinity (200 BC) showing the approximate location of the above listed battle;

>> A sketch map of the opening movements in the battle.

Blog name: “Studies of Ancient Rome,” (http://studiesofancient rome.blogspot.com)

To Be Continued;

Respectfully Submitted;
Marcus Audens
Marcus Minucius Audens
 

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