Crisis In the Roman Empire

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Crisis In the Roman Empire

Postby Marcus Minucius Audens » Sun Jan 22, 2017 8:36 pm

>>>> Crisis In the Roman Empire <<<<

>>> Significant Political and Military Events, AD 235-28

>> 235 - New regulations enforced against Christians: start of the ‘persecutions’, Roman campaign against the Alemanni;
>> 236-237 - Roman campaigns against the Sarmatians and Dacians. Mesopotamia is overrun by the Persians;
>> 238 - Aquilea rebels. Goths and Dacian Carpi invade across the Danube;
>> 240 - Carthage rebels;
>> 242 - Indecisive campaiging begins against the Persians;
>> 244 - Stalemated peace with the Persians;
>> 245-247 - Constant warfare along the Danube frontier;
>> 247 - Celebration of the 1,000th anniversary of the Rome’s founding, based on the then traditional date of 753 BC;
>> 248 - Barbarian invaders cleared from Moesia and Pannonia;
>> 249-250 - Further attacks and invasions by Goths. Persians overun Roman-allied Armenia, then invade Mesopotamia;
>> 251 - Goths defeat and kill Emperor Deccius in Lower Moesia;
>> 253 - Goth sea raids begin along the Aegean and Black Sea coasts. The Persians sack Antioch;
>> 253-270 - Plague moves back and forth across the Roman Empire;
>> 254 - The Marcomanni invade Pannonia and penetrate Italy as far as Ravenna. Persians press into the Roman East beyond Mesopotamia;
>> 257 - Continuous warfare with Persians along the eastern imperial boundary;
>> 258 - Alemanni defeated near Milan;
>> 259 - Germanic invaders push through Raetia, again reaching as far as Milan;
>> 260 - Emperor Valerian captured by the Persians while campaigning in the East. Persecution of Christians ended (until 303). Frankish invaders move through southern Gaul, sacking Tarragona in northeast Spain. The Persians again sack Antioch.

(To be continued)

>>> Reference:

>> Brauer, G. F., “The Young Emperors, Prelude To the Fall of Rome, AD 193-244,” T.Y. Crowell, 1957;
>> Burns, T.S., “Rome and the Barbarians100 BC - AD 400,” Johns Hopkins Univer. , 2003;
>> Ty Bomba, “Lest Darness Fall, Rome In Crisis, AD 235-285,” Strategy Tactics, May, 2006, p.10;
>> Cook, S. A. et al, eds. The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. XII, “The Imperial Crisis and Recovery, AD 193-324,” Cambridge Univer. Press, 1939 (and later editions);
>> Luttwak, E. N., “The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire; From the First Century AD to the Third,” Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976;
>> MacDowall, S., “The Late Roman Cavalryman, 236-565 AD,” Osprey Pub., 1995.

Respectfully Submitted;
Marcus Audens
Marcus Minucius Audens

Re: Crisis In the Roman Empire #2

Postby Marcus Minucius Audens » Mon Jan 23, 2017 7:52 pm

>>>> Crisis In the Roman Empire #2 <<<<
>>> Significant ... Events... (Continued)

>> 261-273 -- Much of the western portion of the empire, including Britain, Gaul, Raetia, and all of the Iberian peninsula, breaks away to form the Gallic Empire;
>> 262 -- Roman-allied Palmyra defeats the Persians;
>> 263 -- Evacuation of Roman settlers from Germania Decumates to areas West and South of the Rhine/Danube River Line;
>> 268 -- Large Goth forces arrive by sea and on land across Greece, Thrace, and the Aegean. Milan revolts. Athens sacked by seaborne Goths;
>> 269-270 -- Campaigns against the Juthungi. Palmyrian forces, no longer Roman-allied, overun much of the Roman East, including Egypt, and most of Asia Minor. Loyal Roman forces retake the Gallic Empire areas in Iberia and East of the Rhone River, including Raetia;
>> 271-272 -- Evacuation of Roman setters from Dacia to areas South of the Danube. Germanic invaders push into central Italy, nearly reaching Rome. New walls are built around Rome by decree of Emperor Aurelian;
>> 273-274 -- Romans defeat Palmyra and reintergrate the remainder of the Gallic Empire;
>> 276-277 -- Germanic incursions into Gaul defeated;
>> 283-285 -- Persian/Roman peace treaty signed. Revolt in Egypt suppressed. Roman client-state of Armenia established.

>>> References (as before).

Respectfully Submitted;
Marcus Audens
Marcus Minucius Audens

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