Roman Bath-house On Display

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Roman Bath-house On Display

Postby Marcus Minucius Audens » Fri Jan 20, 2017 8:18 pm

>>>> Roman Bath-house On Display <<<<

>>> David K. Down, ‘Diggings Journal’ (Feb. 2010), Pages 18-19.

It is well known in ancient Roman History that the bath-house was the place where not only did people bath , but also where they met to play games, meet for personal and business purposes and enjoy a pleasant social interaction. In short the local bath-house was a men’s club.

The Roman bath-house had facilities for the following: cold baths, tepid baths and hot baths. Where the town was wealthy these bath-houses were larger and had more facilities and if the town was small or poor the facilities and structure was somewhat less. In the year 2004 one such rather elegant bath-house was found during the restructuring and renovation of the Renaissance Palazzo Valentini, a rather large structure which stands over these ruins.

This ruin was found to be filled with very valuable mosaics, elegant porticos, and thermal baths over the area of some 800 square meters. The large mosaic was constructed of at least one-half a million tessara, many of which came from all parts of the empire. In a simple mosaic the tessara is a small cube of stone of varying colors. that could measure up to a centimeter per side or as small as 3 millimeters per side. Of course, the smaller the tessara, the more precise, artistic, and detailed the picture that the tessara had created.

The steam baths were provided by an oven located below the stone floor of the complex. This oven was fed by wood as a fuel and was in turn supported by stone pillars approximently one meter in height. The stone floor was then heated and when water was spilled on the stone the result was a very effective steam bath. This bath-house ruin was opened for public view for a period of a few weeks and then closed for further excavation. Such Bath-houses were quite popular with the men of the Roman Legions and were often used as gathering places in the time of off-duty and relaxation.

Respectfully Submitted;
Marcus Audens
Marcus Minucius Audens

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