Roman Britain -- Vindolanda- #1

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Roman Britain -- Vindolanda- #1

Postby Marcus Minucius Audens » Sun Jan 08, 2017 5:13 pm

>>>> Roman Britain -- Vindolanda- #1 <<<<

Roman Chesterholm has a long Roman History. The history seems to have been started in approximately c. AD 90. It was at this time that a Roman Fort was built, made of timber. This was undertaken under the aupices of Gov. Sallustius Lucullus. This was the governor that was tasked to begin the first withdrawals from Scotland for use in the Dacian wars. In the following years, the fort was considerably improved and made larger. Finally the fortress became what was and is known as the Stanegate Frontier. This was organized by Gov. Neratius Marcellus who is thought, due to certain of the Vindolanda Tablets (see below), to have actually lived at the fort.

Wth the completion of the fortification of the Housteads Fort on Hadrian’s Wall saw the abandonment of Chesterholm. This occurred in c. AD 125. However, later on Chesterholm was again put into use and this time it was rebuilt in stone. This was done during the late second century, after the troop withdrawal from the Antonine Wall in Scotland.

The first reference to the fortress at Chesterholm can be found within the Notitia Dignitatum of the late 4th and early 5th centuries where the station which was named Uindolana was located and was found listed between entries for Borcouicio (Housesteads, Northumberland) and Aesica (Great Chesters, Northumberland). One further mention of this fortification can be found in the Ravenna Cosmography of the 7th century. It is here that the term Vindolande (R&C #132) can be found listed at this time between the following entries: Camboglanna (Birdswald, Cumbria), and Longovicium (Lancaster, Durham).

The Roman Fort at Chesterholm is thus named Vindolanda or Vindolande in the geographies, while an inscription from an altar recovered in the neighborhood refers to the civilian inhabitants as the Vindolandesses (RIB 1700). The name now accepted is Vindolanda which has been variously interrpretated as ‘The White Cross’ or ‘The White Enclosure’. Compare modern Welsh: gwyn-dafadfa ‘white sheep-fold’.

Respectfully Submitted;
Marcus Audens
Marcus Minucius Audens
 

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