"Aqueducts of Rome" #1

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 "Aqueducts of Rome" #1

Postby Marcus Minucius Audens » Wed Dec 21, 2016 9:18 am

>>>>>  Liber Primus (Book #1);  "Aqueducts of Rome" by Sextus Julius Frontinus  <<<<<

For four hundred and forty-one years after the founding of the City, the Romans were satisfied with the use of such waters, as they drew from the Tiber, from wells, and from springs.  Esteem for springs still continues and is observed with veneration.  They are believed to bring healing to the sick, as for example, the Springs of the Camenae, (1) of Appollo, (1) and of Juturna. (2)  But there now run into the City: the Appian aqueduct, Old Anio, Marcia, Tepula, Julia, Virgo, Alsietina, (which is also called the Augusta) Claudia, and New Anio.

In the consulship of Marcus Valerius Maximus and Publius Decius Mus (3), in the thirtieth year after the beginning of the Samnite War, the Appian aqueduct was brought into the City by Appius Claudius Crassus, the Censor, who afterward received the surname of "the Blind," the same man who had charge of constructing the Appian Way from the Porta Capena (4) as far as the City of Capua.  As colleague in the censorship Appius had Gaius Plautius to whom was given the name, "Hunter," (5) for having discovered the springs of this water.  But since Plautius resigned the censorship within a year and six months, (6) under the mistaken impression that his colleague would do the same, the honor of giving his name to the aqueduct fell to Appius alone, who by various subterfuges, is reported to have extended the term of his censorship until he should complete both the Wa, and this aqueduct.  The intake of Appia is on the Lucullan estate, between the seventh and eighth milestones, on the Praenestine Way, on a crossroad, 780 paces (7) to the left. (8)  From it's intake to the Salinae at the Porta Trigemina (9), it's channel has a length of  11,190 paces of which 11,130 paces run underground, while above ground paces are carried on substructures and, near the Porta Capena, on arches.   Near Ses Vetus, (10) on the edge of the Torquatian and Epaphroditian Gardens, there joins it a branch of Augusta, added by Augustus as a supplementary supply. . . . . This branch has it's intake at the sixth milestone, on the Praenestine Way, on a crossroad, 980 paces to the left, near the Collatian Way.  Its course, by underground channel, extends 6, 380 paces before reaching the Twins. (11)  The distribution of the Appia begins at the foot of the Publican Ascent, near the Porta Trigemina, at the place designated as the Salinae. (12)



(1) The location of these is uncertain.
(2) This fountain is close to the Temple of Castor and Pollux on the south side of the Roman Forum.
(3) 312 BC.
(4) This gate was on the South side of the City,in the Old Servian Wall.
(5) The English rendering does not reproduce the word play in venas Venocis.
(6) Eighteen Months was a regular term of office for the censors.
(7) The conventional rendering of passus by "pace" is here followed, although the term applied in strictness to the distance between outstretched hands, i. e. five Roman feet, equivalent to 4 feet 10 1/2 inches of our measure.
(8) i. e. going from Rome.
(9) This was at the northern base of the Aventine Hill, near the Tiber.
(10) The Temple of Spes Vestus was just inside the Aurelian Wall, in the eastern quarter of the City, not far from the Porta Labicana (the modern Porta Maggiore)  In the Loeb Library book page 485 shows a picture of Porta Maggiore as it stands today, and page 486 is a plan of the City.
(11) The name is evidently derived from the junction of the two aqueducts.  "There are considerable remains of two large reservoirs in a garden just outside the boundary-wall of the Sessorium.  The two great reservoirs, so close together in the line of the Aqua Appia seem to have been the Gemelli mentioned by Frontinus."
(12) i.g, Going from Rome.-- Parker.

Respectfully Submitted;
Marcus Audens
Marcus Minucius Audens
 

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