Mountains - Aetna (Aitne, Etna)

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Mountains - Aetna (Aitne, Etna)

Postby Marcus Minucius Audens » Tue Oct 04, 2016 3:20 am

>>>> Mountains - Aetna (Aitne, Etna) <<<<

This strato-volcanic mountain lies in the Province of Catania between Tauromenium (Taormina) and Catana (Catania) in northeast Sicily. It lies just above the convergent plate margin between the African Plate and the Eurasian Plate. This mountain is the highest active volcano in Europe towering to just under 11,000 feet (10,922 ft.). It is the highest mountain in Italy South of the Alps. Aetna covers an area of 1,190km2 (459 sq. mi.). The circumference of the mountain base is 140 km. Of the three volcanoes which are active in Italy Mt. Aetna is the largest being about 2 1/2 times the height of the next largest, which is Mt. Vesuvius. Only Mt. Teide in Tenerife surpasses it in the whole of the European - North African Region, In Greek mythology, the deadly monster Typhon was trapped under this mountain by Zeus, the god of the sky and thunder and the king of gods. In the ancient days, Aetna was believed to be the forge of Hephaestus (Vulcan) or the Cyclopes or in some cases was identified as the mountain which imprisoned a Titan (Enceladus), beneath it who perprtually struggled to free himself resulting in strange movements and rumblings of the land around the mountain. Empedocles (see Acragas) was said to have cast himself into the crater in order that his disappearance would create a belief that he was a god. However, this action was detected when the volcano threw up his bronze sandal.

Mt. Aetna is one of the most active volcanoes in the world and is in an almost constant state of activity. The fertile volcanic soils which surround the lower levels of the mountain are host to an extensive arrangement of vineyards, and orchards This agriculture also spreads into the broad plain of Catania to the south of the mountain. Because of this recent activity and nearby population, Mt. Aetna has been designated a Decade Volcano by the United Nations.

The native population (Sicans) were believed to have migrated to the West because of the activity at the volcano. There are a number of eruptions which are recorded in history , the dates of which follow; 479, 425, 396, 141, 135, 126, 122, 50, 44, 38, 32 BC, and AD 40. Pindar and Aeschylus described the phenomena of the 396 BC eruption. In this activty lava reached the sea, and that, it was said, prevented the Carthiginian general Himilco from making an attack of the city of Syracuse. The eruption which occurred in 122 BC destroyed Catana. The mountain was renamed Aetna in 476 BC when Hiero I of Syracuse deported the Cataneans and repeopled their city with Syracusans and Peloponnesians. But in 461, these, in turn, were also expelled to Inessa (Poira) on the southern slopes of the mountain, which likewise assumed the name of Aetna.

The Aetna is a Latin didectic poem six hundred and forty-four lines long, probably dating from the first century AD, which describes and professes to explain the eruptions of the volcano, attributed to an unknown author, to the action of wind operating at high pressure in subterranean channels.

Respectfully Submitted;
Marcus Audens
Marcus Minucius Audens
 

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