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Ethics solely based on logic

PostPosted: Mon May 06, 2019 12:23 pm
by Gaius Florius Lupus
Salvete amici!

It is often said that reason and logic are only tools, but cannot provide an ethical foundation, and that even evil people can be perfectly reasonable.
I disagree with this statement and there is mathematical proof that unethical behavior is not beneficial and therefore not reasonable. This is nicely explained in this interactive flash game:

Ethics can be based solely on logic, which Epicurus already proved. Platonism and Stoicism required the premise of a supernatural entity, the One in Neo-Platonism or the Logos in Stoicism, in order to define what is good and what is evil. Today many Christians believe that without their god there can be no distinction of good and evil, which makes them suspicious against atheists. They do not trust that they can be ethical without a god.

Elicurus did not deny the existence of the gods, but he believed that they would not care about human affairs, so they were irrelevant for ethics. Epicurus deducted his ethics from the observation that there is pain and pleasure, in which the former should be avoided and the latter be sought. He did not need any further assumptions. And mathematics proves him right, as the simple flash animation above shows.

If we follow reason, we cannot be evil.

Florius Lupus